Melania Trump wearing a suit and tie: Photo Illustration by Sarah Rogers/The Daily Beast© Offered by The Day by day Beast
Photograph Illustration by Sarah Rogers/The Day by day Beast

LJUBLJANA, Slovenia—Sooner or later not way back Melania Trump’s biographer in her Slovenian homeland, politician and writer Igor Omerza, was flipping by way of lots of of hundreds of names on “UDBA Internet.” It’s an internet database of the key police archives of Communist Yugoslavia earlier than the nation got here aside within the 1990s, which is when Slovenia received its independence. And among the many IDs that appeared there, one title jumped out: Viktor Knavs, with the identical birthday, dad and mom, and hometown as the daddy of Melania Trump, who simply grew to become a naturalized American citizen.

The entry was cryptic, as such issues are, but it surely famous “the individual is registered within the prison report” and cited articles 226 and 235 of the Yugoslav penal code. There isn’t any indication of a cost, an investigation or a conviction, in some way.

In line with a replica of the 1970 code, which was present on the time, article 226 concerned the acquisition, sale or manufacturing of products with out the specific permission of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Penalties ranged as much as eight years in jail for somebody organizing such commerce.

Article 235 concerned tax evasion, with a most penalty of 10 years in jail relying on the quantities of cash concerned.

However as a result of there are not any different specifics, and since these allegations had been made greater than 40 years in the past below a repressive police state, it isn’t clear how severe they actually had been.

At a time when some persons are being denied everlasting residence and citizenship in america due to their data in different international locations, the case of Viktor Knavs is particularly attention-grabbing.

David Leopold, an immigration lawyer who previously headed the American Immigration Attorneys Affiliation, advised The Day by day Beast {that a} tax fraud conviction—if one exists towards Knavs—might have saved Knavs from getting a inexperienced card, and will now probably be grounds for revoking his citizenship.

In Slovenia, Knavs’ legal professionals have mentioned that regardless of the key police report he was by no means convicted, charged, and even investigated for tax evasion, however they reportedly acknowledge he was investigated for smuggling.

Leopold mentioned that for Knavs’ report to jeopardize his utility, there must be proof he dedicated against the law “of ethical turpitude,” and tax crimes generally match into this class.

Knavs’ immigration lawyer, Michael Wildes (generally referred to as “the lawyer to the celebrities”) advised The Day by day Beast. “Mr. Knavs’s utility for U.S. citizenship was correctly executed and adjudicated, according to the Immigration and Nationality Act.  His naturalization course of was no completely different than anybody else in search of citizenship on this nation.”

We requested Wildes and the workplace of First Girl Melania Knavs Trump to elucidate fundamental questions:

  1. What had been the precise expenses in Yugoslavia, if any?
  2. Have been they resolved, and if that’s the case, how?
  3. Have been they acknowledged in Knavs’ functions for everlasting residence and citizenship?
  4. If not, why not?
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Wildes didn’t reply to any of the specifics and requested for “proof” that the Viktor Knavs within the UDBA data was the identical man.

The primary woman’s spokesperson, Stephanie Grisham, declined to reply questions on Melania Trump’s father, saying it was workplace coverage to not “touch upon her dad and mom as they don’t seem to be a part of the administration and deserve privateness.”

Just like the Stasi in Communist East Germany, vividly depicted within the Oscar-winning 2006 movie The Lives of Others,  Yugoslavia’s UDBA was notorious for listening in on personal cellphone conversations, penetrating relationships, ruining friendships and households.

The archive is out there to researchers like Omerza—who revealed a 2016 e book with co-author Bojan Pozar, Melania Trump: The Inside Story—and accommodates greater than one million dossiers of UDBA informers, collaborators and brokers, in addition to names of individuals accused of prison actions.

Shifting his finger on the observe pad as I watched final week, Omerza skipped down the checklist. Some former Yugoslavs ended up there as individuals “threatening the Socialist regime,” he mentioned, others as widespread criminals below investigation.  

“Right here is Melania Trump’s father’s report, below #421269,” Omerza mentioned, pointing on the as soon as secret doc. There have been just a few strains below “Knavs, Viktor.”

The file reveals him born on November, 23, 1941, included private particulars: place of origin, dad and mom’ names, his gender, his marital standing and residential tackle. All sq. with public data for Melania’s father. His occupation is listed considerably archaically as “a industrial traveler,” in literal translation. We’d say a touring salesman. We additionally know his major enterprise was automobiles and automobile elements.

When the file entry, which Omerza supplied to The Day by day Beast, was created in 1976, the long run first woman was six years outdated.

When Omerza dug into Slovenia’s courtroom archives, he didn’t uncover any report that confirmed Viktor Knavs was convicted or sentenced. This left him questioning, since Knavs apparently was suspected of an financial crime, how did he handle “to get off the hook?”

Giving Knavs the good thing about the doubt, it’s also doable the accusations of prison conduct had been, from the start, an effort by the UDBA to strain him in some style

The file entry on Melania Trump’s father is filled with numbers and abbreviations which might be unimaginable for the uninitiated to decipher. However they had been no thriller to Omerza, a former mayor of Ljubljana and a member of the Slovene parliament who has revealed 9 books concerning the UDBA’s informers, collaborators, kidnappers, interrogators, murderers and victims.

Lately, Slovenia, like different previously communist Jap European nations, has turn into severe about opening a window on its previous. First in 2011 after which once more in 2014 a majority voted to divulge to the general public what was a secret portion of the UDBA archive.

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At the moment, with an simply obtained allow nearly anyone can have entry to the UDBA’s paperwork, though generally the state blacks out delicate particulars. No info was redacted, nonetheless, within the Viktor Knavs entry.

The primary point out in his report is “JV,” which, based on Omerza, implies that the notation about Knavs’ report “involved public safety,”  Omerza mentioned. However that was an offense broadly construed below communism.

Melania, her sister and fogeys lived in Sevnica, a provincial city on the Sava River with a inhabitants of about 5,000 individuals. Her mom, Amalija Ulcnik, spent nearly three a long time working laborious,  drawing and slicing patterns for kids’s clothes at a neighborhood textile manufacturing unit. However the Knavs had a way of life that others envied.

Neighbors who talked to The Day by day Beast recalled that Melania’s dad and mom had traveled overseas to France, Italy, Austria and Germany for work, bringing again lovely issues that only a few individuals might afford of their hometown. (There isn’t any proof at current to point the Knavs got here by these luxuries illegally.)

Viktor Knavs labored first as a driver for the Jutranjka textile manufacturing unit, then he drove for Sevnica’s mayor, and finally he began his enterprise promoting vehicles and elements he introduced in from overseas. In that sense Melania’s father was, actually, a used automobile salesman. Additionally: mopeds.

Even in Communist occasions, when few individuals might afford any vehicle and people who might afford one needed to watch for years to get their automobile, Knavs was the proud proprietor of a Mercedes.

“His spouse and daughters wearing lovely garments that Melania’s mom made for lengthy hours after her work, Viktor drove a Mercedes, the household went on holidays overseas—so I’m not stunned that the UDBA investigated Knavs,” mentioned Polona Kosak, a 68-year-old housewife within the Knavs’ outdated neighborhood.

Kosak, like most in her era, has vivid reminiscences of the best way the key police operated. “I keep in mind how my very own dad and mom, considerate intellectuals, had been afraid of UDBA’s political police, which saved an eye fixed on well-traveled individuals, typically turning them both into informers or collaborators.”

The UDBA recordsdata determine informants and collaborators. Knavs will not be amongst them.

In 2015, after Donald Trump introduced his run for the presidency, Omerza and his colleague Urska Faller went to {photograph} the home of Melania Knavs Trump’s dad and mom in Sevnica, road tackle Ribniki 21. It’s a tidy fashionable home on a quiet street in what might simply be a small city in neighboring Austria. Omerza and Faller didn’t notice {that a} man sitting by the wall and rubbing one thing with a towel was Viktor Knavs himself.

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Omerza and Faller drove on alongside the road however in a couple of minutes a Mercedes S-class sedan closed in on them at excessive velocity. “Knavs stopped his automobile in entrance of us, blocking the best way,” Faller recollects, and he or she although, judging by the fad on his face, he “was going to turn into bodily with us.”

“I used to be shocked,” she advised The Day by day Beast, “pondering, ‘What fool would act like this?’”

Knavs is a giant man (some have advised his construct resembles Donald Trump’s) and he couldn’t climb out of the automobile as quick as he appeared to need. “So we drove round him to keep away from an altercation, and simply saved driving forward, however Viktor took off after us once more, and raced after us on the freeway for a couple of minutes till it regarded like he gave up. It was like a cinematic automobile chase by the harmful father-in-law of American President Donald Trump.”

Final yr, Knavs filed a lawsuit in Ljubljana towards Omerza’s co-author Pozar, who had revealed a narrative on his web site in 2016 with the headline “Paperwork, tax fraud: was Viktor Knavs, Father of Melania Trump, in Jail?!”

Pozar talked about the UDBA report in his story.

Thus far, Choose Irena Skulj Gradisar has had solely held one listening to on the case. Knavs didn’t present up in Ljubljana courtroom. Dnevnik.si, a Slovenian publication, reported that Knavs was represented by his two legal professionals, Natasa Pirc Musar and Rosana Lemut Strle, who acknowledged that “certainly in 1978 Knavs had been the goal of an investigation into smuggling,” however that the prosecutors had stopped the investigation.

As famous earlier, the legal professionals denied that Knavs had ever been investigated for tax evasion and insisted that their shopper had neither been sentenced nor had he ever frolicked in jail.

Pirc Musar, the topic of a Day by day Beast profile in 2017, didn’t reply to queries about this case.

There are various different tales about Viktor Knavs. There have additionally been a number of lawsuits to attempt to stifle publications, or punish them after the actual fact.

The editor of the native journal Suzy mentioned he want to speak to The Day by day Beast, however was barred from doing so after a courtroom ruling.

What do the Slovenes make of Knavs’ secret police report? They don’t doubt it, however they put it in context. “To me Viktor Knavs is an old-fashion consultant of an period that has nothing to do with fashionable Slovenia, a small nation the place all people is aware of every thing about one another,” says journal editor Dejan David Kemperl.

Omerza vows to maintain investigating, “We’ll be digging and reporting till we all know all the reality.”

With further reporting by Betsy Woodruff and Michael Daly

Learn extra at The Day by day Beast.



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