BAGHOUZ, Syria (Reuters) – Islamic State has been defeated at its ultimate shred of territory of Baghouz in Syria, the U.S.-backed Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) mentioned on Saturday, asserting the top of its self-declared “caliphate” that after spanned a 3rd of Iraq and Syria.
FILE PHOTO: Fighters from the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) stand collectively within the village of Baghouz, Deir Al Zor province, Syria, March 20, 2019. Image taken March 20, 2019. REUTERS/Rodi Stated/File Photograph
The SDF declared the “whole elimination of (the) so-called caliphate”, Mustafa Bali, head of the SDF media workplace, wrote on Twitter.
“Baghouz has been liberated. The army victory towards Daesh has been achieved,” he wrote.
The SDF has been battling to seize Baghouz on the Iraqi border for weeks.
Daesh is an Arabic acronym for Islamic State. “We renew our pledge to proceed the struggle and to pursue their remnants till their full elimination,” he wrote.
Although the defeat of Islamic State at Baghouz ends the group’s grip over the jihadist quasi-state straddling Syria and Iraq that it declared in 2014, it stays a risk.
A few of its fighters nonetheless maintain out in Syria’s distant central desert and in Iraqi cities they’ve slipped into the shadows, staging sudden shootings or kidnappings and awaiting an opportunity to rise once more.
The US believes the group’s chief, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, is in Iraq. He stood on the pulpit of the good medieval mosque in Mosul in 2014 to declare himself caliph, sovereign over all Muslims.
Additional afield, jihadists in Afghanistan, Nigeria and elsewhere have proven no signal of recanting their allegiance to Islamic State, and intelligence companies say its devotees within the West would possibly plot new assaults.
The Syrian ambassador to the United Nations, Bashar Ja’afari, mentioned on Friday Islamic State was not but completed in Syria, including that it was the Damascus authorities backed by Russia and Iran that was genuinely battling it, not america.
Nonetheless, the autumn of Baghouz is an enormous milestone in a battle towards the jihadist group waged by quite a few native and world forces – a few of them sworn enemies – over greater than 4 years.
It additionally marks an enormous second in Syria’s eight-year struggle, wiping out the territory of one of many foremost contestants, with the remaining break up between President Bashar al-Assad, Turkey-backed rebels and the Kurdish-led SDF.
Assad and his Iranian allies have sworn to recapture all Syria, and Turkey has threatened to drive out the SDF, which it sees as a terrorist group, by power. The continued presence of U.S. troops in northeast Syria would possibly avert this.
Islamic State originated as an al Qaeda faction in Iraq, nevertheless it took benefit of Syria’s civil struggle to grab land there and break up from the worldwide jihadist group.
In 2014, it instantly grabbed Iraq’s Mosul, one of many area’s nice historic cities, in addition to Syria’s Raqqa, and swathes of land both sides of the border.
It declared an finish to fashionable nations and referred to as on supporters to depart their houses and be part of the jihadist utopia it claimed to be erecting, trumpeting its forex, flag, passports and army parades.
Oil manufacturing, extortion and antiquities smuggling financed its agenda, which included the slaughter of some minorities, public slave auctions of captured ladies, grotesque punishments for minor crimes and the choreographed killing of hostages.
These excesses introduced an array of forces towards it, forcing it from Mosul and Raqqa in a yr of heavy defeats in 2017 and driving it, finally, down the Euphrates to Baghouz.
Over the previous two months some 60,000 individuals poured out of that dwindling enclave, fleeing SDF bombardment and a scarcity of meals so extreme that some mentioned they had been decreased to cooking grass.
A mass grave the SDF found there final month confirmed there have been different risks within the enclave, although it has launched no particulars on the identities of the victims or how they died.
Civilians made up greater than half the individuals leaving Baghouz, the SDF mentioned, together with Islamic State victims corresponding to ladies from the Iraqi Yazidi sect whom the jihadists had sexually enslaved.
Hundreds of the group’s unbending supporters additionally deserted the enclave whereas nonetheless vowing their allegiance to a ruined caliphate and displaying no regret for its victims.
At displacement camps in northeast Syria the place they had been despatched by the SDF, the hardliners, together with many international ladies who got here to Syria and Iraq to marry jihadists, needed to be evaded different, usually traumatized, residents.
Their destiny has befuddled international governments, who see them as a safety risk and are loath to accede to SDF entreaties to take them again dwelling.
Because the preventing progressed in latest weeks, the convoys of vans from Baghouz began to incorporate lots of, after which hundreds, of surrendering jihadist fighters, many hobbling from their wounds.
The SDF mentioned it captured lots of extra in latest weeks who tried to slide by its cordon and escape into Iraq or throughout the Euphrates and into the Syrian desert.
On the finish, they had been besieged in a tiny camp filled with rusting autos and makeshift shelters, pinned towards the Euphrates and ignored by hills held by the SDF.
Islamic State launched video from inside that depressing, shell-pounded enclave, displaying its final fighters nonetheless taking pictures on the SDF as smoke billowed overhead.
It was an try and form the narrative of its defeat, portraying it as a heroic final stand towards overwhelming odds and a name to arms for future jihadists.
However the footage proven by the SDF in latest weeks was of lengthy strains of abject, surrendering fighters, sitting or squatting in a desolate panorama, their desires dashed.
Reporting by Rodi Stated in Deir al-Zor province and a Reuters journalist in Baghouz; Writing by Tom Perry/Angus McDowall; Enhancing by Robert Birsel